Discover Historical Treasures Of India: 5 UNESCO World Heritage Sites to Explore

These destinations invite travellers to embrace India's diverse traditions and legacies, providing a captivating cultural exploration

Himakshi Panwar
August 8, 2023
Discover Historical Treasures Of India: 5 UNESCO World Heritage Sites to Explore

India boasts numerous iconic sites, including the world-famous Taj Mahal and the ancient caves of Ellora, celebrated for their illustrious history. Recognised as UNESCO world heritage sites, these places offer a glimpse into India’s glorious past. Exploring these top destinations during the monsoon season presents an opportunity to delve into the country’s journey through time. Here are some must-visit heritage sites you can explore on your next family vacation.


Ellora Caves

Located in the Charanandri hills of Maharashtra, Ellora’s rock-cut cave complex is a collection of 34 caves carved by Buddhism, Brahmanism, and Jainism followers. These caves span from the 6th to the 12th centuries, offering insights into the prevailing philosophies of that time, reflecting the region’s rich cultural diversity and heritage. The architectural splendour of these Caves is a testament to India’s religious harmony and historical significance.

Taj Mahal

Situated in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, the Taj Mahal symbolises the love between Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The 17th-century palace continues to enchant visitors with its white marble, intricate walls, and domes. While here, explore the gardens, tombs, and courtyards, and don’t forget to take a historical tour of the nearby Agra Fort.


Madhya Pradesh’s Khajuraho group of temples is a remarkable testimony to the excellence of temple art and architecture in northern India during the Chandella dynasty’s rule in the 10th and 11th centuries C.E. Covering an area of 6 square kilometres; these temples consist of 23 structures, including one partially excavated, forming the western, eastern, and southern clusters of the Khajuraho Group of Monuments. These temples showcase the originality and craftsmanship of Nagara-style temple architecture. Today, about 20 temples remain, grouped into three distinct clusters representing Hinduism and Jainism.


Hampi is a UNESCO World Heritage Site famous for its ancient temples and ruins. Located in Karnataka, the heritage spot displays the Dravidian style of art and architecture, with the notable Virupaksha Temple as a prominent monument. The collection of monuments at Hampi, known as the Group of Monuments, further enhances its relevance.

Mahabodhi Temple Complex

The Mahabodhi Temple in Bihar’s Bodh Gaya is an ideal example of early brick architecture, which has impacted architectural styles throughout history. Constructed during the late Gupta period, the temple boasts impressive brickwork and intricately sculpted stone balustrades featuring early relief sculptures. Its significance lies in its association with Lord Buddha’s life, where he attained enlightenment under the original Bodhi Tree that still stands nearby. The temple complex comprises the main temple, six sacred places within an enclosed area, and the Lotus Pond, a holy spot just outside the enclosure. Each of these locations holds profound meaning in the events of Buddha’s life.

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