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5 Historical Destinations In Peru That You Must Visit

The fascinating history of Peru, which includes the influence of indigenous civilisations and colonialism over many centuries, still captures the imagination of visitors from all over the globe

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Priyanka Kapoor
July 28, 2023
5 Historical Destinations In Peru That You Must Visit

5 Historical Destinations In Peru That You Must Visit

Peru is a magnificent country located on the western coast of South America. Its fascinating history and diverse culture have been shaped by the remarkable legacies of its ancient civilisations. This has made it a popular destination for many eager tourists to explore its historic landmarks and cultural treasures. Whether you are interested in visiting the Inca ruins of Machu Picchu or experiencing the traditions of its indigenous communities, Peru has something for everyone. With its natural beauty, friendly people, and rich cultural heritage, Peru is a must-see destination for anyone looking to discover the wonders of South America. 5 Historical Destinations In Peru That You Must Visit.

Machu Picchu

Situated high in the Andes Mountains, Machu Picchu stands as an enduring testament to the Inca civilisation. Built in the 15th century and abandoned shortly after, this archaeological site was rediscovered in 1911. Its stone structures and terraces testify to the Inca’s architectural prowess. To learn more about its history, visitors can explore the on-site Museum Manuel Chávez Ballón, which houses artefacts excavated from the site.

Cusco

Once the capital of the Inca Empire, Cusco is a city brimming with historical significance. Its narrow cobblestone streets and well-preserved colonial architecture give a glimpse into Peru’s past. Among its highlights is the Coricancha, the Inca Temple of the Sun, which was later transformed into the Church of Santo Domingo by the Spanish conquistadors. Travellers can also visit the Cusco Cathedral, a grand display of Spanish colonial architecture, and the Museum of Pre-Columbian Art, showcasing artefacts from pre-Inca civilisations.

Chan Chan

Said to be the largest earthen city in the world, Chan Chan was once the capital of the Chimu civilisation. Located near Trujillo on Peru’s northern coast, this vast archaeological site boasts intricate adobe walls adorned with geometric patterns and detailed reliefs. Exploring its sprawling citadel offers a unique insight into the customs and craftsmanship of the Chimu people.

Nazca Lines

Etched into the desert plains of southern Peru, the Nazca Lines remain an archaeological marvel. These enormous geoglyphs, created by the Nazca civilisation between 500 BCE and 500 CE, depict various animals, plants, and geometric shapes. To fully appreciate these mysterious designs, travellers can take a guided flight over the Nazca Desert, offering an unparalleled view of the intricate figures etched into the landscape.

Sacsayhuaman

Just outside Cusco lies Sacsayhuaman, an impressive Inca fortress that once guarded the city. This monumental site showcases immense stone walls built with precision and engineering mastery. Its strategic location on a hill overlooking Cusco affords panoramic views of the city below. Exploring Sacsayhuaman provides a unique opportunity to witness the ingenuity of Inca architecture and gain insights into their military strategies.

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